CANINE BRUCELLOSIS

doghouses should have a southern exposure, doghouses must have an entrance that is properly sized the doghouse should have a platform and
insulated floor, properly sized entrances and platform with an insulated floor give better protection and warmth for the dog. when traveling with your
dog keep in mind the most important things with traveling with a dod does have prerequisites.


Canine brucellosis is a reproductive disease caused by the bacterium Brucella canis (B. canis), which
can cause infertility, abortion, and severe spinal infections in dogs.
Canine rescue and shelter populations and may be a source of infection t othe general human
population breeding kennel and pet owners dog populations.

The B. canis bacteria can be transmitted several ways: during a heat cycle, at breeding, through
contaminated hands or clothing, and from the bitch to the puppies during whelping and nursing. There
are often no clinical signs following infection, and there are currently no cures or effective treatments.
The clinical signs that may appear, such as weight loss, lethargy, and swollen lymph nodes, are often like
those of other diseases, which may delay and complicate diagnosis. Male dogs may also experience
swelling of the prostate, testicles, and epididymis (the tube that carries sperm).

Preventing Inaccurate Diagnosis of Brucellosis
Principal Investigator: Christina Larson DVM; University of Minnesota
Brucellosis testing is often made difficult by the fact that the most commonly used brucellosis test, the
rapid slide agglutination test (RSAT), also gives false positive results when the dog has recently been
infected with a different bacterium, Bordetella bronchiseptica, which is one of the common causes of
kennel cough. Vaccinating a dog for Bordetella (kennel cough) is likely to cause false positive results on
the RSAT. This study will evaluate whether  false positive RSAT results are obtained after vaccinating the
dog with an intranasal, commercially available Bordetella vaccine.
•Development of a Brucellosis Vaccine for Dogs
Principal Investigator: Angela Arenas DVM PhD; Texas A&M AgriLife Research

•An Epidemiological Study of Brucella canis
Principal Investigators: Tory Whitten, MPH and Joni Scheftel DVM, MPH; Minnesota Department of Health
The investigators will measure how commonly rescue and shelter dogs entering Minnesota are exposed
to B. canis, as a first step to understanding the prevalence of this important reproductive disease. The
results will be used to determine the prevalence and raise awareness of this disease in rescue and
shelter dog populations, help identify risk factors for canine brucellosis, and develop a diagnostic test for
canine brucellosis at the Minnesota Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. An important outcome of this study
will be to create prevention and control measures applicable to this population of dogs.

To learn more about canine brucellosis, please take this link  
USDA  animal disease information
  • People can get brucellosis from
    dogs. If one of your dogs is
    infected, test the entire kennel.
    Remove infected dogs from your
    kennel as soon as possible:
    there is no cure for the disease
    in dogs.
  • Puppies born from infected
    mothers are often infected. This
    poses a health threat for the
    families they go to, especially
    those with children.
  • n Brucellosis is an infectious
    disease caused by bacteria
    (Brucella) that live mainly inside
    the cells of reproductive organs.
    n There are various types of
    Brucella—found throughout the
    United States—that can infect
    dogs, pigs, cattle, deer, elk,
    sheep, goats, and other
    mammals. n People can become
    infected by all of these types,
    including the one associated
    with dogs (called Brucella canis).
    n Puppies born from infected
    mothers are often infected. This
    is a serious problem, since
    these animals may go into
    homes with children and others
    vulnerable to disease
  • Because the bacteria live inside
    cells, there is  no cure for
    brucellosis in dogs. Even after
    months of antibiotic treatment,
    dogs can still remain infected
    and spread the disease to other
    dogs and people.  n Prevention
    is key—practice good
    biosecurity and test all dogs in
    your kennel for brucellosis.  n
    Infected dogs should be
    removed from your kennel. n
    Many dogs never show signs of
    the disease.  Testing is often the
    only way to detect it.