Winter Care And Travel

Whether you dog is a couch potato or a snow baby, dog owners must be
indoors at night and letting him out for the day, your dog is not properly
acclimated  to the cold.
If you must keep your dog outdoors make sure that the house you provide
has an entrance that is properly sized,  a baffle to keep out the wind, a door
facing the south will provide the best as far as warmth from the sun and
protection from north/west winds, it is best to build a platform that has styrofoam
to add theinsulation in the floor of the dog's house. Plenty of dry, fresh  bedding
(No Straw Please)

Dogs who are outside in cold weather will need extra calories to keep warm.
When the temperature is below freezing, you may need to increase calories by
as much as 30%, depending on the pet and housing conditions.

Shivering is a sign your pet is too cold and indicates the start of hypothermia. A
shivering pet should be slowly warmed until signs of hypothermia are gone.

that can be changed easily.
Plenty of fresh clean  water that can be easily
reached by your dog .please make ssure the water is monitored a minimum of
five times a day

Two dangerous winter ailments to watch out for:

"Cell damage, tissue dehydration, and oxygen depletion caused by
freezing and thawing can lead to blood-cell disruption, clotting in
capillaries, and gangrene." Essentially your dog will freeze slowly from
its extremities inwards; the condition is extremely painful
Frostbite however, occurs in three stages of differing severity. So what
should you be looking for?

The early stages, or first degree frostbite, are easy to miss but look for
pale skin at the extremities of your dog such as, the ears, lips, tail, face,
feet, and scrotum; the affected area may also be hard or cold to the
touch. When the dog warms, its skin will look red, swell, and will
become painful before turning scaly. If your dog's circulation has been
badly affected, the tips of its extremities may even rub off; careful
handling is essential. Second degree frostbite will also see your dog
developing skin blisters. Third degree frostbite, the most serious, can
be identified through your dog's skin turning dark or black over a
period of several days. Where the flesh is badly injured, there is usually
a clear difference/line between damaged and healthy tissue. Sometimes
third degree frostbite results in gangrene and the necessity to
amputate an affected area or limb.
Get your dog inside and gently warm the suspected frostbitten areas
with warm, never hot, water. Do not rub or massage the affected areas
as this could release toxins into your dog's bloodstream; you could also
try applying a warmed Vaseline type ointment. Once your dog is warmer,
gently dry it, taking care not to rub the affected parts; it is also
important that you stop your dog from licking or scratching the
frostbitten areas. The actual amount of damage that has been done to
your dog's tissues will probably not manifest itself for several days. In
the meantime, your dog will be in pain and may pain killers and may also
require antibiotics to combat infections.
It is advisable to take your dog
to a vet as soon as you can. However, do not be tempted to turn up
your vehicle's heating too high on the journey; warm or slightly cool is
The best way to treat frostbite is really not to have your dog get it at all
through your vigilance on cold days and/or a selection of preventative
steps, such as, not allowing your dog to be outside too long, heated
shelters, and you, paying particular attention to your dog's ears, tail,
and feet; you should also be aware that frostbite is often accompanied
by often life threatening hypothermia, which should be treated first.


What To Watch For
The first sign of hypothermia is paleness and strong shivering. This may
be followed by listlessness to the point of lethargy and frostbite of
certain body parts such as the tail, tips of the ears, scrotum, and foot
pads. If left untreated, coma and heart failure may occur.
Hypothermia can occur in any of the following situations:

1.Exposure to cold for a long time
2.Wet fur and skin
3.Submersion in cold water for long time
5.Anesthesia given for a long duration

Immediate Care
1.Immediately warm some blankets on a radiator or in the clothes dryer.
2.Wrap the dog in the blankets.
3.Wrap a hot water bottle in a towel and place it against the dog’s
abdomen. Do not use it unwrapped, as this will burn the skin.
4.If the dog is conscious, give him warmed fluids to drink.
5.Check the dog’s temperature every 10 minutes: if it is below 98°F
(36.7°C), get immediate veterinary attention.
6.Once the temperature is above 100°F ( 37.8°C), you can remove the
hot water bottle to avoid overheating. Keep the dog in a warm room.
Please advise your veterinarian if you suspect your dog may be
hypodermic, the above steps are for  immediate care
Hypothermia can be prevented by avoiding prolonged exposure to cold
temperatures. This is especially important for dogs that are considered
to be at-risk. Factors that increase an animal's risk for hypothermia
include very young or old age, low body fat, hypothyroidism, and
anesthesia. Dog clothes, boots, and other accessories can help breeds
with thinner fur and those less used to cold weather.
It is important to learn the signs of these two conditions – to keep your
dog healthy on winter times!


If traveling with your pet for the holidays, be sure to make the
necessary plans early.

Dog carriers and crates are the best way to restrain your dog while
traveling. Check the condition of your pet's crate, and if traveling on
public transportation, be sure the crate meets the carrier's
requirements. Doggie seatbelts are another option

Clip your pet's nails so they will not become caught in the crate door or
other openings.

Reservations with airlines and hotels should be booked early. Be sure
they know you are bringing your pet so they can advise you of any
special requirements. A health check-up for your pet and up-to-date
vaccinations are important. An interstate health certificate and a copy of
the vaccination records may be necessary in some cases.

Pack your pet's medications and special diets where they are easily
accessible. Be sure your pet has water available.

Pet ID TagPlace a collar on your dog, and always have a pet
identification tag attached to your dog's collar or harness. Make sure
the address and phone number are current. Include a phone number
that can be reached when you are away from home.

If heading South, remember it will be warmer and make allowances for
your pet. Protect your pet against fleas and heartworms, make sure to
visit your veterinarian before you leave for your trip.

When traveling into snow country, your pet may need a sweater. Boots
can help protect your pet's feet from ice, snow, and salt.

If you are traveling during the holidays, and need to leave your pet(s) at
home, start to make accommodations for your pet(s) early. Many
boarding facilities fill up very fast. Responsible pet sitters are a good
alternative. If they are unfamiliar with your house or pet(s) have them
come over and get acquainted before you leave.